Over the past several weeks, the Journal has informed these judges of their recusal violations. As a result, 56 federal judges have notified courts in 329 cases around the U.S. that they heard cases improperly and that parties to the case could ask for them to be reopened.
The law is crystal clear. It bars any “ownership of a legal or equitable interest, however small,” in a party to a case before a judge. That law and the federal courts’ policy-making body require judges to avoid even the appearance of a conflict.