“Once this bill arrives at the Senate, Republicans must work with Democrats to pass the bill as soon as possible, hopefully tonight,” Schumer said. “There is every reason in the world to believe that we can arrive at a path forward quickly.”
But as action now turns to the Senate, there could be challenges ahead to swiftly pass the bill.
Any single senator could hold up quick passage of the bill and leaders would need consent from all 100 senators to secure a time agreement to approve the measure before the Friday at midnight deadline.
A shutdown is not expected to happen, however, as both sides signal they do not want that scenario to play out.
Sen. John Thune, the Senate GOP whip, told CNN that he expects the massive spending bill to pass the Senate today.
“It should” pass, he said.
Thune said they were working with Democrats on an agreement for some votes on amendments before agreeing to schedule a vote on the bill.
And GOP senators emerged from a lunch Thursday afternoon and said they were confident there would be an agreement for a final vote Thursday night on the $1.5 trillion spending bill with Ukraine aid — along with a handful of GOP amendment votes, which will fail.
Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said he hopes to finish work on the bill as quickly as they can, but he warned, “It will be up to whether people are willing to enter into time agreements on amendments.”
Asked how many amendments there would be, he said “I don’t know. We’ll find out.”
As part of the effort to prevent a shutdown, the House also passed on Wednesday night a stopgap bill to extend government funding through Tuesday.
The Senate is expected to take up and pass the short-term funding extension in addition to the broader spending bill so that congressional clerks have time to finish processing the text of the larger bill before sending it to President Joe Biden for his signature.
Schumer, in his floor speech Thursday morning, touted the $13.6 billion in aid to Ukraine in the omnibus and pointed to it as a pressing reason for the Senate to quickly pass the massive spending bill.
“The people of Ukraine need our immediate help and this omnibus is the quickest and most direct way of getting them the help fast,” he said on the Senate floor.
“The Ukrainian people are fighting for their lives and fighting for the survival of their young democracy. Congress has a moral obligation to stand behind them as they resist the evils of Vladimir Putin and his campaign of carnage,” he said.
“I am deeply disappointed that the administration’s request for more Covid funding failed to make it into the House bill but we’re going to keep fighting to make sure we get that money approved as soon as possible,” he said.
Democratic leaders attempted to offset Covid relief money after pushback from Republicans who have argued there needs to be a full accounting of already allocated money first. But a number of House Democrats revolted over the plan to offset the money, arguing it would hurt their states by taking away funds already promised to them.
The House is planning to move a standalone bill on Covid funding, but it’s expected to face GOP opposition in the Senate.
McConnell criticized Democrats over the episode in remarks on the Senate floor Thursday.
“Until 24 hours ago, this compromise was also going to reprogram money away from Democrats wasteful spending spree that neglected Covid needs, and reallocate it to vaccines and treatments for the American people,” McConnell said. “But House Democrats mutinied against Speaker Pelosi. The far left would rather preserve state and local bureaucrats’ giant slush funds, then fund vaccines and therapeutics for our citizens. So, the Covid component has fallen out.”
What’s in the bill
The sweeping government spending bill, known on Capitol Hill as the omnibus, is the product of months of negotiations, but the sprawling legislative text, which runs 2,741 pages, was not released until around 1:30 a.m. ET Wednesday, just hours before House leaders initially planned to try to pass it through the chamber, leaving little time for lawmakers to review the measure.
That has led to complaints from lawmakers who feel rushed and unable to adequately vet the measure before a final vote.
There is widespread support from both parties for the infusion of much-needed aid to Ukraine, however, as the country fights back against a deadly and unprovoked Russian assault. That dynamic is expected to help overcome other objections from some lawmakers to the overall legislative package.
The omnibus consists of a series of fiscal year 2022 appropriations bills to keep the government running in addition to emergency supplemental funding for Ukraine.
Of the $13.6 billion in aid to Ukraine, money is set aside for humanitarian, defense and economic assistance. The bill also includes provisions for sanctions enforcement.
The emergency aid package sets aside $4 billion to help refugees who have fled or were displaced within the country and increase the President’s authority for defense equipment transfer to Ukraine and other allied nations to $3 billion, according to a fact sheet from the House Appropriations Committee.
This story has been updated with additional developments Thursday.
CNN’s Manu Raju, Ted Barrett and Lauren Fox contributed to this report.